On appeal by the European Commission, Member States, and other stakeholders, EASA developed a proposal for proportionate, an operation centric, risk- and performance-related regulatory framework for all uncrewed aircraft (UA). A general idea, setting three sections of UAS operations (‘open,’ ‘specific’ and ‘certified’) with different security provisions, proportionate to the threat, was introduced with the publication of Advance Notice of Proposed Amendment (A-NPA 2015-10) in July 2015 and a Technical Opinion in December 2015.
The main classes of UAS operations are:
- The ‘open’ class is a category of UAS operation that, considering the risks involved, do not require a prior authorization from the competent authority nor a statement by the UAS operator before the operation takes place;
- The ‘specific’ class is a division of UAS operation which, considering the risks involved, requires an authorization from the competent authority before the process occurs, taking into consideration the mitigation measures identified in an operational risk assessment, except for specific regular scenarios where a statement by the operator is adequate or if the operator holds a light UAS operator certification (LUC) with the suitable rights;
- The ‘certified’ category is a kind of UA operation which, considering the risks involved requires the certificate of the UAS, a certified remote pilot and an operator approved by the competent authority, to be able to guarantee an appropriate level of security.
Ultralight flying signifies one of the fastest and surest ways to experience the joys of aviation. From powered-parachutes and trikes to conventional fixed wings and even rotorcraft and amphibians, ultralights are enjoyable, exciting, and typically, remarkably affordable. Flying ultralights isn’t a step-down or up, however, a step into a totally different and thrilling sector of the flying community.
In the U.S., Flying an ultralight does not need a medical certification or license of any type or a permit, providing the aircraft in compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulation called Part 103. Part 103 defines an ultralight as an aircraft that meets the following criteria: Continue reading
The popularity of drones in the United States as well as in other countries is on a rapid increase. Indeed, drones are now used in some applications which are categorized into recreational and nonrecreational (commercial) applications. In addition to that, the regulatory framework guiding the use of drones in the United States has gradually changed.
One of the most recent of these changes is the introduction of what is popularly known as Part 107 regulations which make it mandatory for those who fly their drones for commercial purposes to get certified.
Certification is received when commercial drone pilots take and pass the FAA remote pilot test also known as the FAA Airman/ Aeronautical Knowledge Test. It is important to note that drone pilots who strictly fly for recreational purposes do not require certification under Part 107.
This guide is meant to help prepare those planning on taking the FAA aeronautical knowledge test and to set them up to pass the test.
Popular Ultralight Aircraft
A microlight is a type of an aircraft designed to carry not more than two persons. Although the operating weight and speed differ depending on countries, the maximum take-off operating limit is 450kg in Europe.
There are several aircraft which qualifies as ultralights and this depends on their constructional design. In fact, with the advancement in technology, an ultra-light drone has recently been developed with a fixed wing and with a digitally stabilized HD camera. Keep on reading!
Guide to Ultralight Flying in Europe
In the European Union (EU), the aviation industry has continued to develop so immensely. The industry prides itself on a vast range of airplanes to choose from.This ranges from the smallest aircraft such as drones to the largest commercial airlines.
One of the most popular aircraft in use today are the ultra-lights, just like the way hiring a drone in Europe is easy, and so is the ultra-light. Keep on reading!
An ultralight aircraft refers to a class of lightweight aircraft usually consisting of 1 or 2 seat capacity and with a fixed wing.
Although the speed limits and operating weights of this aircraft differ depending on countries, in Europe the definition of an ultralight, limits it’s take-off weight to 450kg.
The maximum stalling speed limit is 65km/h and therefore, it means this kind of aircraft has a low landing speed as well as a short landing roll. Keep on reading!